Brichieri-Colombi, Stephen. 2015. Engineering a Feasible Ramp for the Great Pyramid of Giza. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 12(1) (2015), 1-16. ISSN 1567-214X. 16 pages + 8 figures, 1 table.

Although it is widely believed by archaeologists that the Great Pyramid was built using sleds hauled up ramps, no economically feasible ramp configuration has yet been found which would have permitted the placement of the 44 granite beams weighing up to 75 t and the 2.3 Mm3 of limestone blocks of the pyramid, in a period […]

David J. Cicimurri, Charles N. Ciampaglio & Katelyn E. Runyon. 2014. Late Cretaceous Elasmobranchs from the Eutaw Formation at Luxapalila Creek, Lowndes County, Mississippi. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 11, 2 (2014), 1-36. ISSN 1567-2158. 36 pages + 19 figures.

A diverse vertebrate assemblage was recovered from the Eutaw Formation along a stretch of Luxapalila Creek in Lowndes County, Mississippi. The assemblage is dominated by elasmobranchs but also includes osteichthyans (seven species), archosaurs (one crocodilian, two dinosaurs), and turtles (trionychid and chelonioid). Twenty one elasmobranch taxa were identified (14 selachians and seven batoids), including new species […]

BOOK REVIEW: Donald R. Prothero about Grande, L. 2013. The Lost World of Fossil Lake: Snapshots from Deep Time – Chicago, University of Chicago Press

PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 11(1) (2014) Perhaps the greatest treasures in paleontology are not individual skeletons of spectacular dinosaurs, but the incredible treasure troves of fossils from the famous “Mother Lode” deposits of fossils known as Lagerstätten. There are about a dozen or so such famous localities around the world, where the fossils have […]

BOOK REVIEW: Matthew C. Mihlbachler about Prothero, D. 2013. Rhinoceros Giants: The Paleobiology of Indricotheres. – Bloomington, Indiana University Press

PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 10(6) (2013) I have one vivid memory from my summer vacation between the 2nd and 3rd grade – discovering a ragged and faded copy of All About Strange Beasts of the Past by Roy Chapman Andrews at a neighbor’s garage sale. To me, the most exciting chapter of this elementary-level […]

Cockcroft, Robert & Sarah Symons. 2013. Diagonal Star Tables on Coffins A1C and S2Hil: A New Triangle Decan and a Reversed Table. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 10(3) (2013), 1-10. ISSN 1567-214X. 10 pages + 5 figures, 4 tables.

We present updates for two ancient Egyptian diagonal star tables on coffins A1C and S2Hil. A1C reveals a new triangle decan, H3t s3bw, which brings the total number of triangle decans to 13 and the total number of unique triangle decans to 12 (because of the duplication of nTr D3 pt). We discuss its relevance, […]

BOOK REVIEW: Christoffer Theis about Lapp, W. 2011. Chronologie Ägyptens und des Vorderen Orients. Von Josef in Ägypten bis zur Plünderung Thebens durch die Assyrer und der Deportation der Israelis nach Babel. – Gelnhausen, Wagner Verlag GmbH

PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 10(2) (2013). Wolfgang Lapp legt mit seinem Buch (noch) eine (neue) alternative Chronologie für den Vorderen Orient im Zeitraum zwischen 1800 und 500 vor Christus vor, mit der er seinen eigenen Worten gemäß “etwas Licht in die graue Vorzeit gebracht zu haben” glaubt (S. 9). […] Read the entire […]

TER-QUA 2012 Proceedings: David A. Burnham, Bruce M. Rothschild, John P. Babiarz & Larry D. Martin. 2013. Hemivertebrae as Pathology and as a Window to Behavior in the Fossil Record. – Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 10(5) (2013), 1-6. ISSN 1567-2158. 6 pages + 1 figure.

An extinct feline ecomorph Hoplophoneus was afflicted with a congenital anomaly (hemivertebra) not previously observed in cats and not previously reported in fossil mammals. The position of the hemivertebrae provided little opportunity for other cervical vertebrae to compensate for the resultant 40-degree deformity. Download PDF File

Sarah E. Wolff. 2013. Home on the Range: Biogeographic Distribution of Bison in Arizona. – Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 10(4) (2013), 1-11. ISSN 1567- 2158. 11 pages + 3 figures, 1 table

The American bison are traditionally thought of as animals of the vast plains and grasslands, but paleontological and archaeological evidence supports the view that the biogeographic range of bison extended throughout the continental United States to include the American Southwest and Arizona. During the Pleistocene (2,588,000 BP to 11,700 BP), there are several paleontological and […]

Foster, J.R. 2013. Ecological Segregation of the Late Jurassic Stegosaurian and Iguanodontian Dinosaurs of the Morrison Formation in North America: Pronounced or Subtle? – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 10(3) (2013), 1-11. ISSN 1567-2158. 11 pages + 4 figures, 1 table.

The Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of western North America has yielded a number of specimens assigned to the ornithischian dinosaurs Stegosaurus and Camptosaurus, and many of these specimens come from channel sandstone deposits. Six new specimens are recorded mostly from channel sandstones as well. Indeed, early analyses of site occurrences (reducing the effects of large […]

Farke, Andrew A. & Chiara A. Wilridge. 2013. A Possible Pterosaur Wing Phalanx from the Kaiparowits Formation (Late Campanian) of Southern Utah, USA – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 10(2) (2013), 1-6. ISSN 1567-2158. 6 pages + 1 figure.

An isolated bone from the late Campanian-aged Kaiparowits Formation of southern Utah is tentatively identified as the terminal wing phalanx (manual phalanx IV-4) from a pterosaur, representing the first report of this clade from the formation. The specimen is 60 mm long and hollow, with thin and delicate walls and expanded ?proximal and ?distal ends. This is consistent with anatomy reported for equivalent elements in pterodactyloid pterosaurs. Although the specimen cannot be more precisely identified, it is consistent with occurrences of pterosaurs in penecontemporaneous terrestrial depositional environments throughout western North America.

BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 9 (1) (2012)

Christoffer Theis about Dodson, A. 2003. The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt. – London, New Holland Publishers. Aidan Dodson verfolgt mit seinem Buch den Ansatz, eine Zusammenstellung aller Pyramiden in Ägypten zu bieten, ein „up-to-date listing of all known examples belonging to kings and queens“ (S. 6, vgl. auch S. 7 & 13). Wie Dodson bereits […]

Rachel Zheng, Andrew A. Farke & Gy-Su Kim. 2011. A Photographic Atlas of the Pes from a Hadrosaurine Hadrosaurid Dinosaur. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8(7) (2011), 1-12. ISSN 1567-2158. 12 pages + 7 fi gures, 2 tables.

Abstract Hadrosaurid dinosaurs are abundantly represented in terrestrial deposits from the Late Cretaceous, as isolated elements, associated specimens, and articulated skeletons with soft tissue. However, identifi cation of isolated elements can be diffi cult in the absence of adequate reference material. Here we present a photographic atlas of the complete pes from a hadrosaurine hadrosaurid […]

Veldmeijer, André J. 2011. Studies of Ancient Egyptian Footwear. Technological Aspects. Part XIV. Leather Eared Sandals. – Palarch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 8(5) (2011), 1-31. ISSN 1567-214X. 31 pages + 14 figures, 3 tables.

Abstract Leather Eared Sandals, i.e. sandals with pre-straps that are cut from the sole’s leather, are a well known category of sandals in ancient Egypt, mainly because the manufacturing is depicted in scenes that decorate tombs. Based on archaeological finds, we can recognise several subcategories and types. The present paper, as part of the Ancient […]

BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 8 (4) (2011)

René van Walsem about Manley, B. & A. Dodson. 2010. Life Everlasting. National Museums Scotland Collection of Ancient Egyptian Coffi ns. – Edinburgh, National Museums Scotland. After an overview (without title, pp. 1-10) of the history of the conglomerate of the National Museums Scotland – with special attention to the Egyptian collections and the individuals […]

Felipe Ribeiro de Santana, David J. Cicimurri & José Antonio Barbosa. 2011. New material of Apocopodon sericeus Cope, 1886 (Myliobatiformes, Myliobatidae) from the Paraíba Basin (Northeastern Brazil) and South Carolina (USA) with a reanalysis of the species.

Abstract Myliobatiformes (Elasmobranchii: Batoidei) is circumglobally distributed and consists of 26 extant genera within ten families. The oldest records of the group occur in upper Cretaceous deposits, and one extinct species, Apocopodon sericeus, is found in the Danian (lower Paleocene) Maria Farinha Formation of the Paraíba Basin, Pernambuco state, northeastern Brazil. This taxon is known […]

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8 (5) 2011

Alexandra A. de Sousa about Müller, S. & F. Schrenk. 2008. The Neanderthals. – London & New York, Routledge. We do not know whether Neanderthals would have blended in with modern humans, but we certainly do have a lot of real (and imagined) ideas about who they were. This point is well made by the […]

Robert W. Boessenecker. 2011. A New Marine Vertebrate Assemblage from the Late Neogene Purisima Formation in Central California, Part I: Fossil Sharks, Bony Fish, Birds, and Implications for the Age of the Purisma Formation West of the San Gregorio Fault.

Abstract The Miocene to Pliocene Purisima Formation crops out in multiple transform fault bounded structural blocks in central California. As a result of poor exposure, strike slip fault offset, and uncertain intraformational correlations, some exposures of the Purisima Formation are not well dated. The San Gregorio section of the Purisima Formation occurs in the Pigeon […]

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8 (3) 2011

Ilja Nieuwland about Brian Switek. 2010. Written in Stone. Evolution, The Fossil Record, and Our Place in Nature. – New York, Bellevue Literary Press. The history of vertebrate paleontology has simultaneously been very well and very poorly served in the past. Certain periods have seen tens or hundreds of publications devoted to them, and there’s […]

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8 (2) 2011

B.L. Beatty about Pinhasi, R.& Mays, S. (eds.) 2008. Advances in Human Palaeopathology. – Hoboken, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Paleopathology, as a science, has a deep and rich history, and most so for that which is focused on humans. Cases of pathologies in mummies, ancient buried skeletons, and even simply historical records are abundant, […]

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 8 (1) 2011

B.L. Beatty about Sepkoski, D. & Ruse, M. (eds.) 2009. The Paleobiological Revolution. – Chicago, University of Chicago Press The history of palaeontology tends to focus on Darwin, Cope and Marsh, or if someone is particularly scholarly, the Burgess Shale. But with the exception of studies on Darwin, few of these ever delve deeper in […]

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 7 (3) 2010

H.D. Sues about Ryan, M.J., B.J. Chinnery-Allgeier & D.A. Eberth. Eds. 2010. New Perspectives on Horned Dinosaurs: The Royal Tyrrell Museum Ceratopsian Symposium. – Bloomington, Indiana University Press The Ceratopsia or horned dinosaurs are a very distinctive group of ornithischian dinosaurs. All have a narrow beak, and most have bony collars or frills extending from […]

Lucia Herrero & Andrew A. Farke. 2010. Hadrosaurid Dinosaur Skin Impressions from the Upper Cretaceous Kaiparowits Formation of Southern Utah, USA. – Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 7(2) (2010), 1-7. ISSN 1567-2158. 7 pages + 1 figure.

Abstract Skin impressions from hadrosaurid dinosaurs are relatively common finds throughout the Cretaceous Western Interior of North America. A recently discovered specimen from the late Campanian-aged Kaiparowits Formation of southern Utah is typical for hadrosaurs, with randomly arranged polygonal tubercles averaging around 4 mm in length and 3 mm in width. Based on the associated […]

Eveline Zahradnik. 2009. Zur Darstellung eines Königs mit krankhaftem Beinbefund auf dem Relief ‘Spaziergang im Garten’. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 6(8) (2009)

Abstract The relief Berlin 15000 from the Amarna Period, known as ‘The Stroll in the Garden’ most likely shows Tutankhamun with an injury of the left leg. According to a specialist in accident surgery who also practices sports medicine, the relief shows a man leaning on an auxiliary crutch whose left leg seems to be […]

Gregory Bearman & William A. Christens-Barry. 2009. Spectral Imaging of Ostraca. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, 6(7) (2009)

Abstract By analogy with ancient texts, infrared imaging of ostraca has long been employed to help improve readings. We report on extensive spectral imaging of ostraca over the visible and near infrared. Spectral imaging acquires the complete spectrum for each pixel in an image; the data can be used with an extensive set of software […]

BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Northwest Europe, 4(2) (2009)

A.J. Veldmeijer about Roder, H. Ed. 2008. Schuhtick. Von kalten Füßen und heißen Sohlen. – Mainz am Rhein, Philipp von Zabern These are good times for lovers of shoes and books about shoes: the exhibition “Schuhtick. Von kalten Füßen und heißen Sohlen” can still be visited in Bremen (until 28 March 2010), after which it […]

BOOK REVIEW: PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Northwest Europe, 4(1) (2009)

C. Vermeeren & K. Hänninnen about Muir, R. 2008. Woods, Hedgerows & Leafy Lanes. – Stroud, Tempus Publishing This book by Richard Muir is about woodlands, hedgerows and leafy lanes in England and in particular the human infl uence on such landscape elements. It should be possible to recognize and interpret, with the assistance of […]

BOOK REVIEW: Palarch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 6(2) (2009)

B.L. Beatty about Prothero, D. & S. Foss. Eds. 2007. The Evolution of Artiodactyls. – Baltimore, The Johns Hopkins University Press Until the explosive results of the popularity of dinosaurs stimulated by fi lms like Jurassic Park, mammal palaeontology dominated vertebrate palaeontology meetings and publications. And yet, despite these former decades of dominance, the state […]

NEWS: PalArch launches its new web site

The PalArch Foundation has today launched its new web site. For the time being, only new publications are accessible, but we are going to transport our archives to the new site this summer. Of course, all publications will remain freely accessible. The new architecture we use offers some exciting new possibilities, in particular the possibility […]

Panadès I Blas, X. & R. Patnaik. 2009. A Complete Crocodylian Egg from the Upper Miocene (Chinji Beds) of Pakistan and its Palaeobiographical Implications. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 6, 1: 1-8

Abstract The first fossil crocodylian egg from the Upper Miocene the Chinji Formation of the Siwalik Group of Pakistan is reported here. It represents a new locality, and the first record of the order in the area. The specimen was uncovered in a fl uvial environment, and cannot be defined more accurately, because of the […]

Veldmeijer, A.J. 2009. Studies of Ancient Egyptian Footwear. Technological Aspects. Part XV. Leather Curled-Toe Ankle Shoes. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 6, 4: 1-21

Abstract In ancient Egypt sandals were a common commodity despite the fact that people must have been used to walking on bare feet. Shoes were less common though several types are known from the archaeological record. Despite the many examples of footwear, however, detailed studies are lacking. The present paper presents the closed shoes ‘curled-toe […]

Krauss, R. 2009. Der Berliner „Spaziergang im Garten“ – antiker Murks oder moderne Fälschung? Mit einem Exkurs über Heinrich Schäfers Ägyptenaufenthalt 1898-1901. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 6, 1: 1-20

Abstract The relief slab Berlin 15000, popularly known as ‘the stroll in the garden’, which depicts a royal couple in Amarna style, was acquired around 1900 in Egypt on the art market, and thus lacks an archaeological provenance. Features in favour of its authenticity include the physical proportions of the figures, the anatomically ‘correct’ depiction […]

BOOK REVIEW ISSUE PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 6, 3 (2009): 1-7

W.M. van Haarlem about Bard, K.A. 2007. An introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient egypt. – Malden/Oxford/Carlton, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing W.M. van Haarlem about Bonnet, Ch. D. & D. Valbelle. 2006. Pharaonen aus dem schwarzen Afrika. – Mainz, Philipp von Zabern S. Ikram about Vermeersch, P.M. Ed. 2008. A Holocene Prehistoric sequence in the egyptian red […]

Heeteren, van, A.H. 2008. Homo floresiensis as an island form. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 5, 2: 1-12

Abstract Homo floresiensis is a small bodied hominin from the Indonesian island Flores. The type specimen, LB1, is believed to be a female of approximately 1 m or a bit more than 3 feet in length with a cranial capacity of around 400 cc. There is still no agreement on the cause of the small […]

Harbort, J., Ö. Gürvit, L.A. Beck, T. Pommerening. 2009. Extraordinary dental findings in an Egyptian mummy skull by means of Computed Tomography. – PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology 1, 1: 1-8

Abstract An ancient Egyptian mummy skull from the Zoological Collection Marburg, Germany, was examined using computer assisted tomography. In this skull (referred to as Mummy skull no. 24) of a man who lived circa 50 BC we found three of his teeth in the cranial cavity. They had been retained after their loss caused by […]

Noè, L.F. & M. Gómez-Pérez 2007. Postscript to Everhart, M.J. 2005. “Elasmosaurid remains from the Pierre Shale (Upper Cretaceous) of western Kansas. Possible missing elements of the type specimen of Elasmosaurus platyurus Cope 1868?”. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 2, 1: 19-32

Abstract The holotype is the single most important specimen in zoological taxonomy, and to avoid confusion, it must be the remains of a single individual. Re–evaluation of data presented to infer that three specimens collected between 1954 and 1998 are additional material of the holotype of Elasmosaurus platyurus, indicate there is no evidence these two […]

Plas, van der, M. 2007. A new model for the evolution of Homo sapiens from the Wallacean islands. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 1, 1: 1-121

Abstract Paul Storm (1995) investigated the pattern of evolution of modern man in Southeast Asia. He discovered that the populations of Southeast Asia could be subdivided in two types, the Sunda-type and the Sahul-type, on the basis of skull morphology. In his investigation he included two skulls from Flores. Flores is an island located in […]

Kaddumi, H.F. 2006. A new genus and species of gigantic marine turtles (Chelonioidea: Cheloniidae) from the Maastrichtian of the Harrana Fauna–Jordan. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 3, 1: 1-14

Abstract Marine turtle fossils are extremely rare in the Muwaqqar Chalk Marl Formation of the Harrana Fauna in comparison to the relatively rich variety of other vertebrate fossils collected from this locality. This paper reports and describes the remains of an extinct marine turtle (Chelonioidea) which will be tentatively assigned to a new genus and […]

Veldmeijer, A.J., H.J.M. Meijer, M. Signore 2006. Coloborhynchus from the Lower Cretaceous Santana Formation, Brazil (Pterosauria, Pterodactyloidea, Anhangueridae); an update. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 3, 2: 15-29

Abstract Most of the toothed pterosaurs recovered from the Araripe Basin in Brazil (Santana Formation) have premaxillary sagittal and dentary sagittal crests. Some clear differences (and various less clear features) between the crested taxa have been used to classify the fossils, resulting in much scientific debate. On the other hand, a few potentially important features […]

Kumar, K. 2006. Comments on ‘Early Eocene land mammals from Vastan Lignite Mine, District Surat (Gujarat), western India’ by Bajpai, S. et al. published in Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India 50, 1: 101-113, 2005. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 1, 2: 7-13

Abstract Bajpai et al.’s recent paper (2005a) describing an important new Early Eocene mammal fauna from the Cambay Shale of Vastan Lignite Mine, Gujarat, India has a number of errors related to identification, naming, definition, characterisation and description of new taxa, and measurements of dentitions etc. that need to be recorded and addressed. This contribution […]

Beatty, B.L. 2006. Rediscovered specimens of Cornwallius (Mammalia, Desmostylia) from Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 1, 1: 1-6

Abstract Specimens initially collected but not reported from the original type locality of Cornwallius sookensis (Mammalia, Desmostylia) have been found at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC. Two femora and a partial skull were collected from the same locality as the holotype that was deposited by Ira Cornwall in the Royal British […]

Sachs, S. 2005 Remarks on the pectoral girdle of Hydrotherosaurus alexandrae (Plesiosauria: Elasmosauridae). – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 4, 1: 1-6

Abstract The pectoral girdle of Hydrotherosaurus alexandrae Welles 1943, an elasmosaurid plesiosaur from the Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of California, USA, is redescribed. Some differences to the reconstruction presented in the original description, as well as newly discovered features of the pectoral girdle are discussed and a new reconstruction is provided. PDF file (0.5 MB)

Santi, G. & M. Stoppini 2005. Predator–prey interaction in the Permian of the Orobic Basin (North Italy). Behavioural consequences. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 4, 2: 7-18

Abstract Predator–prey interactions shown by ichnofossils are not very frequent and the interpretation of so–called ‘terminated trackways’ can represent a good opportunity of study. Especially the behavioural tendency of some vertebrates can be confirmed. In the Lower Permian of the Valtellina area (Orobic Basin, Southalpine, North Italy) a very peculiar development of arthropod walking–trails (Dendroidichnites […]

Everhart, M.J. 2005. Elasmosaurid remains from the Pierre Shale (Upper Cretaceous) of western Kansas. Possible missing elements of the type specimen of Elasmosaurus platyurus Cope 1868?. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 4, 3: 19-32

Abstract When E.D. Cope described the type specimen of Elasmosaurus platyurus 1868 more completely in 1869, he noted that a number of dorsal vertebrae were missing, along with the gastralia, the limbs, and most of the skull. Although the military surgeon who discovered the remains, Dr. Theophilus H. Turner, made additional searches the missing material […]

Albers, P.C.H. 2005 . A Placodontoid jaw fragment from the Lower Muschelkalk of Winterswijk (The Netherlands). – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 3, 5: 33-36

Abstract A jaw fragment of what was most likely a placodontoid marine reptile has been reported from the Lower Muschelkalk of Winterswijk. The fragment is too small for determination on the species level but the typical tooth replacement of the placodontoid family can just be recognised. The teeth however are far smaller than fitting to […]

Santi, G. & M. Stoppini 2005. Ursus spelaeus from the Buco dell’Orso Cave (Laglio, Lombardy, North Italy): an evolutionary hypothesis. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 3, 3: 20-29

Abstract Ursus spelaeus from the Buco dell’Orso Cave (Lombardy, North Italy) has some peculiar metrical characteristics that make it more close to Ursus deningeri rather than to the typical spelaeus. In particular, it is the smaller size that makes the difference. In this study, the ‘regressive evolution’ is proposed; a hypothesis linked to possible climatic […]

Cuny, G. & S. Risnes 2005. The enameloid microstructure of the teeth of synechodontiform sharks (Chondrichthyes: Neoselachii). – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 3, 2: 8-19

Abstract The so–called ‘triple–layered’ enameloid of neoselachian sharks is made of two main units: a superficial one and an internal one including the parallel–bundled enameloid and the tangled–bundled enameloid. The Triassic Synechodontiformes possess a parallel–bundled enameloid in which radial bundles are not very well–developed, contrary to what have been observed in more recent Synechodontiformes and […]

Everhart, M.J. 2005. Bite marks on an elasmosaur (Sauropterygia; Plesiosauria) paddle from the Niobrara Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) as probable evidence of feeding by the lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 2, 2: 1-8

Abstract The left front paddle of an unidentified elasmosaurid in the collection of the Fick Fossil and History Museum exhibits two groups of deeply incised grooves across the dorsal and ventral sides of the humerus that suggest a series of bites by the lamniform shark, Cretoxyrhina mantelli. The remains were discovered by George F. Sternberg […]

Panadés I Blas, X. 2005. Diversity versus variability in Megaloolithid dinosaur eggshells. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 2, 1: 1-14

Abstract Variability of dinosaur eggshell assigned to Megaloolithidae, from the Upper Cretaceous of Suterranya (Upper Campanian–Early Maastrichtian, Catalonia, South–Central Pyrenees), is described and compared with other Catalan, Argentinean, French, and Indian contemporaneous eggshells. Two–variable statistics using eggshell thickness and external diameter of eggshell units show discontinuous heterogeneity in the studied sample. Highly significant, stronger heterogeneity […]

Signore, M., E.M. Bucci, C. Pede & C. Barbera 2005. A new ichthyodectid fish from the Lower Cretaceous of Pietraroja (Southern Italy). – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 2, 3: 25-30

Abstract Recent excavations in the Plattenkalk of the Civita di Pietraroja (Lower Albian, Southern Italy) have yielded a new representative of the Ichthyodectiformes (Actinopterygii: Teleostei). Although the specimen is still under study, a preliminary report appears to be warranted. Attribution to Ichthyodectiformes is based on the following characters: pronounced mandibular prognathism, triangular supraoccipital crest, hammer–shaped […]

Albers, P.C.H. 2005. A new specimen of Nothosaurus marchicus with features that relate the taxon to Nothosaurus winterswijkensis. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 3, 1: 1-7

Abstract A new incomplete skull of Nothosaurus marchicus was found in the Lower Muschelkalk of Winterswijk below the layers in which Nothosaurus winterswijkensis specimens are normally found. Although this skull resembles N. marchicus more closely than it does N. winterswijkensis it has several features which suggest an intermediate position. The specimen shares with N. marchicus, […]

Drees, M. 2005. An evaluation of the Early Pleistocene chronology of The Netherlands. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 1, 1: 1-46

Abstract The Early Pleistocene subdivision of The Netherlands is evaluated, based on published research since 1950. The subdivision is a biostratigraphy, almost exclusively based on palynological research. Palaeomagnetic research provided a correlation with the palaeomagnetic timescale. The classical subdivision of the Early Pleistocene is based on a mosaic of short pollen sequences, mostly of unknown […]

Panadés I Blas, X., R.S. Loyal, H. H. Schleich & E. Llinás Agrasar. 2004. Pristichampsine cranial remains from the basal redbed facies of the Subathu Formation (Himachal Pradesh, India) and some palaeobiographical remarks. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 3, 1: 1-8

Abstract The first fossil ziphodont crocodile premaxilla and two isolated teeth referred to the Pristichampsinae are reported from the Eocene sediments of the Subathu formation (Himachal Pradesh, Northern India). They suggest that the Indian subcontinent had already collided with Eurasia by Early-Middle Eocene times. PDF file (1.1 MB)

Signore, M. 2004. Sample excavations in Pietraroja (lower Cretaceous, Southern Italy) in 2001 and notes on the Pietraroja palaeoenvironment. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 2, 2: 13-22

Abstract The fossil site of Pietraroja (Lower Cretaceous, Southern Italy) is known since the 18th century for its fossil fish (‘ittioliti’). Unfortunately, no serious attempt at systematic excavation or palaeoecological reconstruction has been done at this date, although some sample excavations have been conducted during the last two decades of the 20th century. In the […]

Drees, M. 2004. An evaluation of the Cromerian complex period of The Netherlands. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 2, 1: 1-12

Abstract The Cromerian complex of The Netherlands is evaluated, based on available literature, published over the past forty years. Contrary to popular believe, the Cromerian complex of The Netherlands is not known in sufficient detail to allow a reliable reconstruction of the climatic development over this period. This is mainly due to the short sequences […]

Veldmeijer, A.J. & A.M. Hense 2004. Supplement to: Pterosaurs from the Lower Cretaceous of Brazil in the Stuttgart collection, in: Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie) 2002, 327: 1-27.. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 1, 3: 14-21

Abstract The photographs of the pterosaur remains housed in the State Museum of Natural History in Stuttgart, Germany are presented as supplement. According to Veldmeijer (2002: 1) in the description of the material: “Bones of pterosaurs from the Cretaceous (Albian) of Brazil kept in the collection of the State Museum of Natural History in Stuttgart, […]

Meijer, H.J.M. 2004. The first record of birds from Mill (The Netherlands). – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 1, 2: 8-13

Abstract Presented here is the first record of birds from the gravel pit Langeboom, in Mill, The Netherlands. Langeboom is considered to be of Pliocene age and therefore, this would be the earliest known fossil record of modern-type birds and the only ones from deposits earlier than Pleistocene. Two specimens, an isolated ulna and a […]

Everhart, M.J. 2004. Late Cretaceous interaction between predators and prey. Evidence of feeding by two species of shark on a mosasaur§. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 1, 1: 1-7

Abstract The fragmentary remains of a mosasaur discovered in the Smoky Hill Chalk Member (Late Coniacian) of the Niobrara Chalk of Gove County, Kansas, U.S.A., preserve a number of injuries consistent with scavenging by two species of lamnid shark. The mosasaur remains (FHSM VP-13746) were identified as cf. Ectenosaurus clidastoides and consisted of a continuous […]

Nieuwland, I.J.J. 2004. Gerhard Heilmann and the artist’s eye in science, 1912-1927. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 3, 2: 1-11

Abstract Gerhard Heilmann’s ‘Origin of Birds’ from 1926 is a remarkable book. Written by an illustrator-cum-amateur-biologist, it gained worldwide authority almost immediately upon publication. It is demonstrated that Heilmann’s skills as an artist, and his ability to use illustration to support his argument, were crucial in gaining this status. Furthermore, turning away from the dramatic […]

Veldmeijer, A.J. 2003. Preliminary description of a skull and wing of a Brazilian Cretaceous (Santana Formation; Aptian-Albian) pterosaur (Pterodactyloidea) in the collection of the AMNH. – PalArch’s Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 0, 0: 1-13

Abstract The skull and wing of a pterodactyloid pterosaur from the Brazilian Lower Cretaceous (Albian) in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA displays the general anatomical features characteristic for these pterosaurs and is shortly described. The largely embedded skeletal remains are tentatively assigned to Brasileodactylus. More precise classification, other […]