The Netherlands have been playing an important role in archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology, archaeology of Northwest Europe and vertebrate palaeontology. Various Dutch scientists are known worldwide, for instance Adriaan de Buck, the Egyptologist who compiled the famous and authoritative scientific publications of the Coffin Texts or Paul Sondaar, who did his pioneering work on prehistoric island fauna. An important Dutch project is the Annual Egyptological Bibliography (AEB), which recently has moved to Oxford. And what about the fact that modern vertebrate palaeontology started with the discovery of Mosasaur in the St. Pietersberg in Maastricht and that the Netherlands house the largest collection of Mammoth remains in the world? Instances of the archaeology of northwest Europe are the river dune excavations of Hardinxveld-Giessendam but also the bog bodies of the provinces Groningen and Drenthe (North East Netherlands).